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Bandung

Bandung

Bandung (pronounced [bənˈduŋ]) (Indonesian: Kota Bandung) is the capital of West Java province in Indonesia, and the country’s third largest city, and 2nd largest metropolitan area in Indonesia,[1] with a population of 7.4 million in 2007. Located 768 m (2,520 ft) above sea level, approximately 140 km southeast of Jakarta. Bandung has cooler temperatures year-around than most other Indonesian cities. The city lies in a river basin surrounded by volcanic mountains. This topography provides a good natural defense system, which was the primary reason for the Dutch East Indies government’s plan to move the colony capital from Batavia to Bandung.

The Dutch colonials first opened tea plantations around the mountains in the eighteenth century, followed by a road construction connecting the plantation area to the capital (180 km or 112 miles to the northwest). The European inhabitants of the city demanded the establishment of a municipality (gemeente), which was granted in 1906 and Bandung gradually developed itself into a resort city for the plantation owners. Luxurious hotels, restaurants, cafes and European boutiques were opened of which the city was dubbed as Parijs van Java (Dutch: “The Paris of Java”).

After Indonesian independence on 1945 onwards, the city experienced a rapid development and urbanization that has transformed Bandung from idyllic town into a dense 16500 people/km² metropolitan area, a living space for over 2 million people. Natural resources have been exploited excessively, particularly in the conversions of protected upland area into highland villa and real estates. Although the city has encountered many problems (ranging from waste disposal, floods to chaotic traffic system, etc.), Bandung however still has its charm to attract people flocking into the city, either as weekend travellers or living in.

CLIMATE

Bandung city has tropical highland rainforest monsoon climate. Like any other city in Indonesia, there were dry season on June to October and rainy season on November to March.

 

WHY YOU MUST CHOOSE BANDUNG ?

Indonesia have more than 200 city, and each city is beautiful in its own way. Bandung, has some uniqueness that will make you fall and want to live in here :

Bandung has various tourism object

Located 768 metres above sea level, Bandung offers you a mountain view with cool air that fit if you want to go around Bandung city. There were several tourism object that you have to visit in Bandung.

Bandung is a home for classic architecture

Bandung is home to numerous examples of Dutch colonial architecture; most notably the tropical Art Deco, dubbed New Indies Style. Henri Maclaine-Pont was among the first Dutch architects to recognize the importance of combining each architectural style with local cultural traditions. He stressed that modern architecture should interact with local history and native elements.

In 1920, Pont planned and designed buildings for the first technical university in the Dutch East Indies, Technische Hogeschool te Bandung (the present-day Institut Teknologi Bandung), after which he was named as a professor in architecture at the university. A striking local Sundanese roof style is clearly seen adorning the top of the campus’ ceremonial hall, embedded in his artwork.

The modern and native architectural blending was followed by several Dutch architects that have shaped the city landmarks. In the 1930s, Bandung was known also as the city of architecture laboratory because of the many Dutch architects who experimented with new architectural designs. Albert Aalbers added the streamline moderne style to the Art Deco by designing the DENIS bank (1936) and renovated the Savoy Homann Hotel (1939). C.P.W. Schoemaker was one of architects who strongly added native elements in his artworks, including the Villa Isola (1932), Hotel Preanger (1929), the regional military headquarter (1918), Gedung Merdeka (1921) and ITB Rectorate Building (1925)

Bandung is a capital city for Asia-Africa

Asian-African Conference in 1955 marked an important milestone in the history of Asian and African countries. The delegates from 29 participating countries gathered in Bandung, Indonesia to discuss peace, security, and economic development in the midst of emerging problems in many parts of the world.  Fifty years after the conference, Indonesia successfully hosted the Commemoration of the Golden Jubilee of the Asian African Conference. The Spirit of Bandung was finally revived, and plans were made for future cooperation between the two continents. All participants who gathered on the 22nd to the 24th April 2005 in Jakarta and Bandung were convinced that the Spirit of Bandung endured as a solid foundation to nurture better relations amongst Asian and African countries and to work towards resolving global issues. The commemoration led to the creation of the New Asian African Strategic Partnership (NAASP). And the result stated that Bandung as a capital city of Asia Africa Continent.

WHAT TO DO IN BANDUNG ?

Shopping

Bandung is home to several giant malls and even more markets. Paris Van Java is the most well-known of them all, and as such is an obligatory stop — even if only for window-shopping or people-watching. In addition to shopping, there are plenty of other activities to do in and around Bandung that make it a notable destination. One of  favorites was Pasar Baru Trade Center and  Rumah Mode as its now known.

 

WHAT TO SEE IN BANDUNG ?

Kawah Putih (the White Crater) is a sulfuric crater lake that is also wildly fascinating and surprisingly beautiful. Leave Bandung early in the morning and it is easy to visit both before the heat of the day.

Catch a traditional music and dance performance at Saung Angklung Udjo. The shows last two hours and most of the performers are kids who have been studying the traditional Sudanese forms of art, music and dance after school. It is one of the best cultural performances I’ve seen anywhere in the world and a must not miss event. Catch a ram fight. These are an old part of Indonesian traditions in West Java and still take place every two weeks. You will need a local to show you where to go, as venues change often.

One of the most popular and interesting ones is the Tangkuban Perahu volcano. This semi-dormant volcano has erupted 16 times in the last 200 years, with the most recent being on October 5th, 2013.

Bosscha Observatory, is the oldest modern observatory in Indonesia, and one of the oldest in Asia. The observatory is located in Lembang, West Java, approximately 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) north of Bandung. It is situated on a hilly six hectares of land and is 1,310 m (4,300 ft) above mean sea level plateau. The IAU observatory code for Bosscha is 299. The observatory is named after the tea plantation owner Karel Albert Rudolf Bosscha, son of the physicist Johannes Bosscha and a major force in the development of science and technology in the Dutch East Indies, who granted six hectares of his property for the new observatory. Construction of the observatory began in 1923 and was completed in 1928. Since then a continuous observation of the sky was made. The first international publication from Bosscha was published in 1922. Observations from Bosscha were halted during World War II and after the war a major reconstruction was necessary. On 17 October 1951, the Dutch-Indies Astronomical Society handed over operation of the observatory to the government of Indonesia. In 1959 the observatory’s operation was given to the Institut Teknologi Bandung and has been an integral part of the research and formal education of astronomy in Indonesia.

 

City Forest and Skywalk of Babakan Siliwangi

Babakan Siliwangi (also known as Baksil) is a 3.8 hectare urban forest in Bandung, Indonesia. It is part of the green belt of Bandung and is a recreation place for the locals there. On 27 September, 2011, the United Nations certified Babakan Siliwangi as a world urban forest. This rides consists of a special pedestrian path with this wooden base that surrounds Babakan Siliwangi Park. Forest Walk  is a world-class concept commonly done around the world that is to enjoy nature with an easy way. Its location is very strategic because it is still included in the heart area of the city. Besides its location close to various tourist attractions such as Cihampelas Walk mall, Bandung Zoo, and Punclut.

 

WHAT SHOULD WE EAT WHILE IN BANDUNG ?

Ask any Indonesian what food to try in Bandung and they will all give you the same first response :
1. Batagor. Invented in Bandung during the 1980’s, Batagor is comprised of fried meatballs and tofu (bakso tahu goreng in Indonesia). There is no better place in the country to try this iconic dish.
2. A second, equally popular Bandung dish is Siomay. The only difference between the two is that Siomay is steamed and Batagor is fried. Although there are countless restaurants and street vendors throughout Bandung with Batagor on the menu, the most popular restaurant by far is Batagor Kingsley.

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